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Common Framing Terminology

Posts


A vertical member of steel or aluminum that supports the weight of a raised structure on a foundation.

Rafters


A sloping frame member that runs from the ridge to the eave and supports the roof decking material.

Purlins


A horizontal framing member spanning between beams or rafters to support a roof deck.

Tie Block


The central frame component at the peak of a hexagonal, octagonal, square, or round structure that connects all the rafters, also known as a compression ring.

Tubular


Refers to the hollow, round or square, frame components used in fabrication.

Ridge Cap


The trim component used to conceal the roof panels where they meet at the ridge, doubles as flashing and can be made from either extruded aluminum or bent metal, depending on the roof panel being used.

Fascia


Trim pieces that are used on the perimeter edge of the roof line to finish the edge of the roof panels.

Guttered Fascia


Extruded aluminum trim pieces used on the lower eave edge of the roof line to finish the edge of the roof panels and provide directional water control.

Common Roof Panel Terminology

Peak/Ridge


The highest point of a gable/shelter.

Pitch


The ratio of the vertical rise of the roof in comparison to the horizontal run of the roof. 4:12 is a common pitch for many of our shelters, but optional pitches are available.

Eave


The lowest point of the roof line that overhands the walls/posts.

Gable


The triangular end of a shelter, formed at the end of a pitched roof, from eaves level to ridge/peak.

Roof Panel Options

24" Aluminum Structural "W" Panel

Color Options

275 Slate Gray
285 Red
515 Regal Blue
520 Bronze
540 Tan
545 Terra Cotta
550 Bone White
555 Dark Green
560 Anodized
865 Light Green

Panel Details

Coverage Width: 24"
Minimum Slope: 1/2:12
Thickness: .038" & .024" (560 Anodized Only)
Finish: Stucco Embossed
Coatings: DuraCoat XT40 Ceranamel
Rib Spacing: 8" on center
Rib Height: 2-1/2"

24" Galvalume® Structural 'W' Panel

Color Options

540 Tan

Panel Details

Coverage Width: 24"
Minimum Slope: 1/2:12
Gauge: 24
Finish: Smooth
Coatings: Siliconized Polyester
Rib Spacing: 8" on center
Rib Height: 2-1/2"

36" Galvalume® 26 Gauge 'R' Panel

Color Options

Cobalt Blue
Hawaiian Blue
Burnished Slate
Charcoal Gray
Ash Gray
Koko Brown
Desert Sand
Saddle Tan
Light Stone
Solar White
Polar White
Rustic Red
Crimson Red
Fern Green

Panel Details

Coverage Width: 36"
Minimum Slope: 1/2:12
Gauge: 26
Finish: Smooth
Coatings: Siliconized Polyester
Rib Spacing: 12" on center
Rib Height: 1-1/4"

18" Galvalume® 24 Gauge Standing Seam Panel

Color Options

275 Slate Gray
515 Regal Blue
540 Tan
555 Dark Green
830 Matte Black
860 Copper Penny
880 Dark Bronze

Panel Details

Coverage Width: 18"
Minimum Slope: 1/2:12
Gauge: 24
Finish: Smooth
Coatings: Siliconized Polyester
Rib Spacing: N/A
Rib Height: 1-3/4"

10" Aluminum "V" Panel

Color Options

550 Bone White

Panel Details

Coverage Width: 10"
Minimum Slope: 1/2:12
Thickness: .024", .032", & .038"
Finish: Smooth Gloss Finish
Coatings: DuraCoat XT40 Ceranamel
Rib Spacing: N/A
Rib Height: 2-3/4"

8" Aluminum Structural Flat Panel

Color Options

275 Slate Gray
510 Black
520 Bronze
540 Tan
550 Bone White
560 Anodized

Panel Details

Coverage Width: 8"
Minimum Slope: 1/2:12
Thickness: .024", .032", & .040"
Finish: Smooth Matte Finish
Coatings: DuraCoat XT40 Ceranamel
Rib Spacing: N/A
Rib Height: 2-5/8"

6" Aluminum Extruded Flat Panel

Color Options

Powder coat finish available in all standard frame colors.

Panel Details

Coverage Width: 6"
Minimum Slope: 1/2:12
Thickness: .065"
Finish: Smooth Gloss Finish
Coatings: Super Durable Polyester
Rib Spacing: N/A
Rib Height: 2-7/8"

2 Industrial Drive, Salem, IL 62881
sales@americana.com

Call Us now

800-851-0865